The University is a not-for-profit higher education institution established by the HM Government of Gibraltar University of Gibraltar Act 2015, which sets out its powers, functions, duties, internal governance, and its right and power to award degrees, diplomas and certificates.
The titular head of the University is the Chancellor and the chief executive officer, who is responsible for the strategic direction and academic leadership of the university, is the Vice-Chancellor.
The management, administration and control of the property, revenue and business of the University fall under the auspices of its Board of Governors. The academic governance of the University is undertaken by its Academic Board established in accordance with HM Government of Gibraltar University of Gibraltar (Academic Board) Regulations 2018.
External oversight of the governance of the University is provided by the Gibraltar Regulatory Authority (GRA), which has been designated as the Gibraltar Authority for Standards in Higher Education and the Gibraltar Higher Education Commission under the Act. The GRA has issued a Memorandum of Regulation, which describes the information it routinely requires from the University in order to discharge its oversight.